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Thus, as a matter of fact, there should be blending of power and influence to make the authority really effective. Difference between Authority, Accountability & Responsibility: Authority: It is “right given to a position by external source to do something”, this can be right to give orders, pass instructions or right delegated to use organization’s assets i.e. However, delegation of authority does not diminish the authority and responsibility of the manager- he continues to be the source of authority vested in him and also continues to be responsible for performance of the assigned task by him and/or his subordinate(s). Thus, the concept of authority arises from the chain, which ties together the sections emanating from different persons in the organization. In view of organizational set up, the superior-subordinate relationship gives rise to this responsibility as the superior is vested with the authority to get the specified work done by his subordinates. Every civilized society follows certain traditions and carefully protects and preserves them. Responsibility arises from superior subordinate relationships. Sometimes a manager may not get the work done from the subordinates if the wages are not according to their expectation. These units must be structured together and their efforts directed towards attaining the goals of the enterprise. Authority may be subjected to the bye-laws, standing orders, rules and regulation of the company (as per articles and memorandum of the company). Under the acceptance theory, it is believed that authority comes to the manager by the acceptance of power to make and enforce decisions through his subordinates. Relationship between Authority and Responsibility Authority is the legal right of person or superior to command his subordinates while accountability is the obligation of individual to carry out his duties as per standards of performance Authority flows from the superiors to subordinates,in which orders and instructions are given to subordinates to complete the task. A manager has authority to order his subordinates to act or not to act in a particular manner. 3. Responsibility arises from the superior subordinate relationship, from the fact that a superior has the authority to get specific services from his subordinate. It is also the right of the manager to make decisions. Relationship between Authority and Responsibility: Authority is the right of a superior to give orders and instructions to his subordinates to get things done. Explain how the concepts of accountability, responsibility, and authority apply to nursing delegation, including levels of authority. For example, exercise of authority by his manager will fall within his zone of acceptance if the following conditions are satisfied: (a) If the rewards arising from acceptance of authority are greater than the value of skills and effort that he would be required to spend on performing the task or responsibility; (b) If he has a strong sense of belonging to the organization and hence would willingly accept the authority without subjecting it to cost-benefit analysis; and. Continuous or Specific-Duration Task or Responsibility: Task or responsibility assigned to a subordinate may be a continuing obligation, or it may be limited in terms of time or tasks. In a more comprehensive sense responsibility can be defined as an obligation of a subordinate to perform the duties assigned to him. (c) If the consequences of not accepting the authority would damage his career prospects in the organization, including perhaps loss of job. Disclaimer Copyright, Share Your Knowledge
It is exacted upwards whereas authority flows downwards. However, the ideal source of authority is that under which the subordinates accept to perform the assigned task and responsibility because they trust the ability and integrity of the manager. Responsibility may be a continuing obligation or specific obligation. Until and unless any performance is technically possible an order to do any such work would be unworthy. The subordinate will accept the authority of a command, understand it, believe it and follow it in the interest of the organization. This happens when he enjoys support and confidence of his followers because they see him as personification of their urges and aspirations. This shows that the obligation is the essence of responsibility. In this way, if anybody is made responsible for any job, he should also have the concerned authority. Authority needs the ability to give orders and instructions, whereas responsibility demands the ability of compliance or obedience, to follow orders. TOS4. Authority and Responsibility. Tradition-centric authority has a lot to commend itself, only it should not become a tool to exploit people who respect it. Responsibility Relates to human beings only. Responsibility is closely related to authority. It is the liability for proper discharge of duties. Accordingly manager has no authority until it is conferred upon him by his sub-ordinates. Responsibility in terms of quantitative targets is preferable to general, non-quantitative responsibility. Cloudflare Ray ID: 607f7b968be76b4d For example, one can hardly order a person to walk up to side of a building or do such impossible things. In view of organizational set up, the superior-subordinate relationship gives rise to this responsibility as the superior is vested with the authority to get the specified work done by his subordinates. Regard for the Mores and Folk Ways of the Group: Authority when used commands reaction from individual as well as groups. It is the power or the right to act, to command or to extract action by others. As Simon puts it, authority is the power to make decisions which guide the action of another. Authority responsibility relationships can be fruitful only when there is a formal relationship between the two. The acceptance theory really emphasizing the leadership function of management that is the ability to persuade others to work well in the interest of goals/objectives of enterprise. When such an event occurs, the person assuming authority to meet the particular circumstances is said to have derived the authority of the situation. Upwards, whereas authority flows downwards authority until it is a concomitant of relationship between authority and responsibility... Areas of responsibility is accepted that in the organisation whole concept of authority of duties association which not! 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