Fundamentally, ‘secularization means the process by which sectors of society are removed from the domination of religious institutions and symbols’ (Berger, 1967). It is the exclusion or rejection of religion from political or civil affairs of the state. Religion, Secularization and Modernity abandoned, not because they are discovered to be false, but because they are no longer needed. In the stable affluent democracies of the West, the individual asserts the rights of the sovereign … Without a dramatic reversal of the increasing cultural autonomy of the individual, secularization is irreversible. – Taken from Bryan Wilson, Secularization and its Discontents in his Religion in Sociological Perspective . The difficulty in defining secularization is that it is dependent upon the definition of religion, which has itself been notoriously difficult to define. Causes of Secularisation •Social differentiation –roles previously played by religious institutions are taken over by other institutions ie the State James Beckford (2003) provides a detailed analysis of clusters of ideas about secularization. In simple terms, secularization in RCT occurs not as a consequence of modernization, but due to competition for attention from secular services and provision of unattractive products by the monopoly of religious providers, which results in a decreased use of religious “goods.” Recent formulations of secularization theory have It was built by a French engineer named Ferdinand de Lesseps. Secularism is the separation of state and religion. Secularization & Church / State Separation . These are: differentiation, The Secularization of Priests During Spanish Period . In a secularized society religion will have no influence on any aspect of life. The secularization paradigm argues that the decline of religion in the West is an unintended consequence of a variety of complex social changes known as modernization. The process indicates the decline in the religious permeation of other social institutions. A practical consequence of secularization is the separation of church and state - in fact, the two are so closely associated that they are almost interchangeable in practice, with people often using the phrase "separation of church and state" rather when they mean secularization. Technology renders prayer redundant, and they are no longer needed. The Suez Canal, which connected the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, was inaugurated in 1869. ADVERTISEMENTS: Secularization Essay: Useful Essay on Secularization! Secularization: A process whereby a society becomes secular. A secularized society will focus on nature and … We sought to investigate the nature, causes and effects of school violence in four South African high schools. In fact, secularization operates at different levels- for instance societal level secularization is not necessarily linked to secularization on the level of individual consciousness. A secularized society is one that will show a decline in the interest in religion. The Opening of the Suez Canal. Technology renders prayer redundant, and as a post-capitalist society emerges, religion, no less than the state, will wither away. Canadian philosopher Charles Taylor addresses the question of secularization in his massive book A Secular Age , which developed out of his 1999 Gifford Lectures at Edinburgh. The Impact of Modernization and Secularization on Individual Religiosity 3. 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