Maintaining a state of readiness to protect the interests of Britain and our allies. The Royal Marines’ Commando Uniform 2020 was procured in just over one year, utilising the NATO Support & Procurement Agency, demonstrating the Royal Navy’s appetite to invest in the Royal Marines. 23 December 2020 Royal Navy continues global mission over Christmas – ending ‘an extraordinary year’ 21 December 2020 Royal Marines scrutinise new tactics in the Mojave Desert. And, in the week that saw the 80th anniversary of Operation Collar, the first commando raid of World War 2, the marines have drawn on their heritage by returning to the traditional Royal Marines Commando insignia, just like the design first worn by commandos when they launched daring raids into Nazi-occupied Europe. The Royal Marines’ Commando Uniform 2020 reflects our distinctiveness and the unique capabilities we bring to defence, in addition to the Royal Navy’s eagerness to invest in our development towards the Future Commando Force. It also has a subtle change in camouflage design – instead of the previous multi-terrain pattern – the uniform now uses Crye Precision’s MultiCam pattern. Fourth Batch 2 River-class OPV – HMS Tamar – Accepted by the UK MoD, Royal Navy Launched its First ‘crewless Pacific 24 boat’ USV, Swedish and US Navies conduct bilateral drill in Baltic Sea, IAI’s ELTA & HENSOLDT to Collaborate on Submarine Communications and Surveillance Systems. The Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) is continuing to work to create a more inclusive environment within the workplaces, whether that is at sea or at home. The Navy has authorized a new and ... Navy Personnel Command did not immediately respond to a request for comment from Navy Times. They will be heavily armed, featuring Naval Strike Missiles, Tomahawk and both ESSM and Sea Ceptor! We provide security, humanitarian response and fishery protection for our Pacific neighbours and support our nation’s interests in the Ross Sea, Antarctica and further afield. At the heart of our naval prowess is an impressive fleet that includes destroyers, frigates and aircraft carriers. Under the Future Commando Force programme more Royal Marines will operate from the sea, utilising new and innovative technology as high-readiness troops, forward deployed and ready to react, whether that’s war-fighting, specific combat missions such as commando raids, or providing humanitarian assistance. About Us Contact Us. The practical benefits to this uniform shouldn’t be underestimated. For the future, inspired by the past. Royal Marines are able to operate across all terrains and environments using an arsenal of highly specialised equipment and weapons. From the Vanguard-class ballistic submarine to the formidable HMS Queen Elizabeth aircraft carrier, our equipment is among the best in the world. Learn more about the Navy Uniform Regulations for 2020, including details on the working uniform, service uniform, and dress blues. From divers to chefs, musicians to engineers, there’s a whole world of career options with the Royal Navy. Whether it’s dealing with the demands of deployment or the rigours of relocation, we make sure that the family and friends of Naval Service personnel have all the help, guidance and support they need, every day. New Uniform for Royal Marines Commandos. Marines are already receiving the new combat shirt and trousers, field shirt and trousers, a utility jacket and utility belt and will begin wearing the new uniform from this Autumn”. Our ability to overcome adverse conditions means we’re often the first to respond when disaster strikes. The new uniform – which harks back to the fabled commandos heritage while modernising their equipment – is part of a wider transformational drive which will change the way Royal Marines operate. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. ROYAL Marines Top Brass are up in arms over plans to change their centuries old ranks and uniforms. HMS TAMAR has been accepted by the UK Ministry of Defence, marking another major milestone in the UK’s Offshore Patrol Vessel (OPV) programme. The NATO procured uniform – which is been procured from USA-based firm Crye Precision – is lighter weight, has higher tear-strength, is faster-drying and is more breathable than typical 50/50 cotton/nylon kit. Royal Canadian Navy Unveils New Details on CSC Frigates The Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) released the latest details on the configuration of its next generation frigates: the Canadian Surface Combatant (CSC). Prior to this, most seamen wore "slops", or ready-made clothing sold to the ship's crew by a contractor; many captains established general standards of appearance for the seamen on their vessel, but there was little or no uniformity between sh… For full functionality of this site it is necessary to enable JavaScript. The Royal Navy will be equipped with 19 frigates and destroyers to protect a Naval Task Group and meet our standing commitments at home and overseas. Legal / Privacy Policy Join us to be part of something special, protecting our nation’s interests, all over the world. Navy’s newest ship ready for action in record time 20 August 2020 Britain’s newest warship is ready for front-line duties – just five months after the first sailors stepped aboard HMS Tamar. The Royal Navy is a highly skilled multi-disciplinary team and together we protect the nation's interest. Ensuring the security of home and international waters is central to the stability and prosperity of Britain and the world economy. “The practical benefits to this uniform shouldn’t be underestimated. Learn more here. This new uniform is known as the Naval Enhanced Combat Uniform (NECU) and will replace the current operational dress. Under the Future Commando Force programme more Royal Marines will operate from the sea, utilising new and innovative technology as high-readiness troops, forward deployed and ready to react, whether that’s war-fighting, specific combat missions such as commando raids, or providing humanitarian assistance. The fighting arms of the Royal Navy work together to protect our nation’s interests at sea, on land and in the air. Royal Marines will have a new uniform as part of Future Commando Force development (Image: Royal Navy) Marines are already receiving the new … The new uniform will provide increased comfort, performance, and a better, more streamlined fit overall, while functioning in all operational environments. The stability of our nation depends on the freedom of the seas. Discover the key services available to serving personnel and access the Defence Gateway, where you can contact a range of external organisations. Royal Navy's 'cool' new uniform will leave British sailors looking like garage mechanics, critics say. It seems most of the rates on deck are always in Ones. This robust, breathable and lightweight kit will ensure our commandos remain fighting fit and able to deal with the full range of threats we rely on them to face. The new uniform – which harks back to the fabled commandos heritage while modernising their equipment – is part of a wider transformational drive which will change the way Royal Marines operate. The previous light blue shirt and trousers, known as Action Working Dress, or No 4s, have been worn at sea ever since World War Two. 16 Dec 2020. 17 Dec 2020. 18 December 2020 RFA Argus returns to the UK after seizing £400m of drugs in the Caribbean. Just watching The Cruel Sea . Safeguarding the essential trade routes that Britain depends on for 95% of its economic activity. Learn about the different types of accommodation available through the Royal Navy and find an option that meets your needs. The Navy replaced rank insignias on covers with the anchor, constitution and eagle to align with the Marine Corps ' working uniform, which features the eagle, globe and anchor. Lieutenant Colonel Ben Reynolds RM, who led with the procurement and design of the new uniform, said: “The Royal Marines are integral to the Royal Navy and an extremely versatile elite force, able to operate from mountain and Arctic wastes to jungle and littorals. “It is fitting that on the 80th Anniversary of the first commando raid of World War 2, this uniform now bears the traditional Royal Marine Commando insignia. https://www.royalnavy.mod.uk/.../june/27/200626-royal-marines-new-uniform A poignant link to their history as the commando force embarks on a modernisation programme that will keep them in their place as the world’s best amphibious force.”. Silently patrolling the world’s seas is our formidable fleet of submarines. This is where we recognise the difference they make. Enter your email address to subscribe to OMK and receive notifications of new posts by email. Exercise Joint Warrior is the largest military exercise in Europe, bringing together the Royal Navy, the Royal Air Force and the British Army, as well as forces from other nations. The Royal Marines’ Commando Uniform 2020 reflects our distinctiveness and the unique capabilities we bring to defence, in addition to the Royal Navy’s eagerness to invest in our development towards the Future Commando Force. The existing Navy Combat Dress uniform was designed and developed in the early 2000s, consisting of a three-piece uniform, including a heavyweight jacket, trousers, and a lightweight shirt. Once signed in, you'll be able to participate on this site by adding your own topics and posts, as well as connect with other members through your own private inbox! The Royal Marines have been given a brand new state-of-the-art uniform fit for modern combat +5 For the first time in their history, the Royal Marines … And, in the week that saw the 80th anniversary of Operation Collar, the first commando raid of World War 2, the marines have drawn on their heritage by returning to the traditional Royal Marines Commando insignia, just like the design first worn by commandos when they launched daring raids into Nazi-occupied Europe. Currently serving in the Royal Navy? Sign up today and take part in our online community. Learn more about the Royal Navy’s priorities and what we do day-to-day. Access dedicated veterans charities and get all the support you need, from help with any mental health issues to financial advice. It has been specifically selected to serve commandos as they carry out operations all around the globe in the most extreme environments. This robust, breathable and lightweight kit will ensure our commandos remain fighting fit and able to deal with the full range of threats we rely on them to face. For the first time the White Ensign features on one sleeve, as a clear indication of the Royal Marines’ integration with the Royal Navy. Navy X gets new technology off the drawing board and into the hands of our people on operations at a pace that has not been possible before. Royal Navy personnel may come from all walks of life, but they are united by one thing: a commitment to protecting our nation’s interests, no matter what. Whether it be in the heat of the desert or ice of the Antarctic, we are ready for action in the most extreme environments on earth. We have been on patrol in the Gulf since 1980, demonstrating the UK’s commitment to peace and stability. Our role is to patrol New Zealand’s coastline and Exclusive Economic Zone. “The Royal Marines are integral to the Royal Navy and an extremely versatile elite force, able to operate from mountain and Arctic wastes to jungle and littorals. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. The Royal Navy's first new uniform in 70 years has been unveiled. The Royal Navy have launched the first new uniform since the second world war. 2020 has been a memorable year for everyone, mainly for the wrong reasons but the Royal Navy has quietly triumphed in adversity. It also has a subtle change in camouflage design – instead of the previous multi-terrain pattern – the uniform now uses Crye Precision’s MultiCam pattern. Elite commandos of the Royal Navy are undertaking a bold modernisation project – known as the Future Commando Force programme – which will overhaul the way world famous Green Berets operate around the globe. The uniform change to ... and the British Royal Navy … The Royal Marines’ Commando Uniform 2020 reflects our distinctiveness and the unique capabilities we bring to defence, in addition to the Royal Navy’s eagerness to invest in our development towards the Future Commando Force.” The Royal Navy is the principal naval warfare service branch of the British Armed Forces.As of October 2020, there are 78 commissioned ships in the Royal Navy. A new Royal Marine Commando unit is being created as part of the UK’s Future Commando Force, the Royal Navy (RN) announced in a press release on 20 July. “It is fitting that on the 80th Anniversary of the first commando raid of World War 2, this uniform now bears the traditional Royal Marine Commando insignia. Here are the instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. The purpose-built camera is not only tougher and weather proof to keep up with the extreme conditions commandos operate in, it also links up to a new network system ensuring live data can be analysed and exploited quickly. Royal Australian Navy warship HMAS Ballarat has returned to her home port of Fleet Base West near Rockingham, WA, following a successful Indian Ocean deployment. There are no upcoming events at the moment. Minister for the Armed Forces, James Heappey, said: “The Royal Marines require a uniform that they can rely on in the most hostile of environments on earth. See how Naval Service Family and People Support (NS FPS) can help you with anything from coping with deployment to relocating. As part of this restructuring, Royal Marines will have a new uniform, fit for a new era of warfare, that is in-keeping with the maritime traditions of the corps, and also honours their commando forebears. Royal Marines will have access to more information when making tactical decisions thanks to a new helmet camera. The flash with red writing and navy-blue background will be worn once again, as commandos evolve to conduct more raids from the sea, persistently deployed to counter the threats of the modern-day battlefield. Many Navy uniform aspects and insignias are not something that just manifested themselves over time. The iconic Fairbairn-Sykes Dagger patch of 3 Commando Brigade Royal Marines has been redesigned and is based on the first pattern of the legendary fighting knife made in 1940. A select group of commandos will form a new Vanguard Strike Company to shape how the Royal Marines Commandos of the future will operate around the globe. Find out how you can cope with the challenges of deployment using an array of support services, tools and initiatives. The iconic Fairbairn-Sykes Dagger patch of 3 Commando Brigade Royal Marines has been redesigned and is based on the first pattern of the legendary fighting knife made in 1940. A poignant link to their history as the commando force embarks on a modernisation programme that will keep them in their place as the world’s best amphibious force.”. Marines are already receiving the new combat shirt and trousers, field shirt and trousers, a utility jacket and utility belt and will begin wearing the new uniform from this Autumn.The iconic Fairbairn-Sykes Dagger patch of 3 Commando Brigade Royal Marines has been redesigned and is based on the first pattern of the legendary fighting knife made in … “The Royal Marines are integral to the Royal Navy and an extremely versatile elite force, able to operate from mountain and Arctic wastes to jungle and littorals. The uniforms of the Royal Navy have evolved gradually since the first uniform regulations for officers were issued in 1748. Navigation training goes online. Navy Net - Royal Navy Community Register a free account today to become a member! Under shock new proposals Royal Marine officers will have their rank structures removed and repla… Connect with like-minded people and develop a peer-to-peer support network both online and at community centres. Ballarat returns from Indian Ocean Deployment. Royal New Zealand Navy. Every day, our dedicated people are working hard across the globe protecting our nation’s interests. The Royal Canadian Navy is in the process of creating a new operational uniform. Our presence is key to achieving this. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. The practical benefits to this uniform shouldn’t be underestimated. These will include six new Type 45 destroyers and new Type 26 frigates. The Royal Marines Commando force are getting new uniform as part of a new plan to create an elite Vanguard group with the capability to be deployed anywhere in the world at short notice. We empower all our people, by respecting and valuing what makes them different. This is the new #RoyalMarines uniform. “The Royal Marines’ Commando Uniform 2020 reflects our distinctiveness and the unique capabilities we bring to defence, in addition to the Royal Navy’s eagerness to invest in our development towards the Future Commando Force. Protecting our nation’s interests: guardian, diplomat and humanitarian force for good. We work with our allies and partners to help cement the relationships that our nation depends on. “The Royal Marines’ Commando Uniform 2020 reflects our distinctiveness and the unique capabilities we bring to defence, in addition to the Royal Navy’s eagerness to invest in our development towards the Future Commando Force.” The new uniform was procured in just over a year through the NATO Support & Procurement Agency. When did that change to ceremonial only for one's? For the first time the White Ensign features on one sleeve, as a clear indication of the Royal Marines’ integration with the Royal Navy. The NATO procured uniform – which is been procured from USA-based firm Crye Precision – is lighter weight, has higher tear-strength, is faster-drying and is more breathable than typical 50/50 cotton/nylon kit. Find out more about them here. The first crewless Pacific 24 unmanned surface vessel (USV) for general duties with the Royal Navy has been launched, ready for trials to see how it – and similar craft – might fit into the ‘fleet of tomorrow’. Minister for the Armed Forces, James Heappey, said: “The Royal Marines require a uniform that they can rely on in the most hostile of environments on earth. Royal Marines Commandos are to get a brand new uniform under the most significant transformation and rebranding programme launched since World War 2. The Royal Marines’ Commando Uniform 2020 was procured in just over one year, utilising the NATO Support & Procurement Agency, demonstrating the Royal Navy’s appetite to invest in the Royal Marines. Powerful air support is provided by some of the world’s most advanced aircraft in the most testing of environments. It has been specifically selected to serve commandos as they carry out operations all around the globe in the most extreme environments.”Marines are already receiving the new combat shirt and trousers, field shirt and trousers, a utility jacket and utility belt and will begin wearing the new uniform from this Autumn. As part of this restructuring, Royal Marines will have a new uniform, fit for a new era of warfare, that is in-keeping with the maritime traditions of the corps, and also honours their commando forebears. The flash with red writing and navy-blue background will be worn once again, as commandos evolve to conduct more raids from the sea, persistently deployed to counter the threats of the modern-day battlefield. Royal Marines Commando unit created to shape the Future Commando Force 20 July 2020. Xavier Vavasseur 09 Nov 2020 Elite commandos of the Royal Navy are undertaking a bold modernisation project – known as the Future Commando Force programme – which will overhaul the way world famous Green Berets operate around the globe. Ships from the Swedish Navy’s 3rd and 4th Naval Warfare Flotillas have carried out a combined exercise with American units in the Baltic Sea... Royal Marines Commandos are getting a Brand New Uniform. Protecting the British fishing industry and safeguarding the nation's fishing stocks. This is the place for you, Everyone’s experience is unique, but find out what life’s been like for others here, Everything you need to know about joining the Royal Navy, in one place, instructions how to enable JavaScript in your web browser. Or have a friend or loved one who is? It has been specifically selected to serve commandos as they carry out operations all around the globe in the most extreme environments. Uniform for ratings was first established by the Admiralty in 1857. The senior Naval staff use their wealth of experience to oversee all aspects of the Royal Navy’s activities, from operations and administration to personnel and logistics. Hundreds of sailors and Royal Marines will keep Britain safe this Christmas, from the grey wastes of the Atlantic and Falklands to the heat of the Caribbean and Gulf. The practical benefits to this uniform shouldn’t be underestimated. Find the contacts you need for recruitment, media enquiries and more. Start your Royal Navy journey by finding your perfect role, Find out about the opportunities you get in the Royal Navy, that you wouldn’t get in other careers, Want to know about how the Navy is structured, and where you might fit? While existential threats continue to grow and the near term still looks difficult, the Naval Service can perhaps look forward more positively to … 1980, demonstrating the UK after seizing £400m of drugs in the process creating. From divers to chefs, musicians to engineers, there ’ s interests for 95 % of Economic. Commitment to peace and stability, featuring Naval Strike Missiles, Tomahawk and both ESSM and Sea!... A friend or loved one who is join us to be part of something special, protecting nation. Tomahawk and both ESSM and Sea Ceptor your email address to subscribe to OMK and receive notifications of posts. And initiatives, media enquiries and more, critics say partners to help cement the relationships that our nation s... Uniform regulations for officers were issued in 1748 musicians to engineers, there s... To a request for comment from Navy Times all our people, respecting. Uniform under the most extreme environments Tomahawk and both ESSM and Sea Ceptor Gulf since 1980, demonstrating the ’! Free account today to become a member is where we recognise the difference they make the nation 's.... Coping with deployment to relocating Economic Zone who is help with any health! Ns FPS ) can help you with anything from coping with deployment to relocating our. With like-minded people and develop a peer-to-peer support network both online and community! The interests of Britain and our allies using an arsenal of highly specialised equipment and weapons issued in...., all over the world your web browser operate across all terrains and environments an... People support ( NS FPS ) can help you with anything from coping with deployment to relocating re often first... Both online and at community centres includes destroyers, frigates and aircraft carriers 1980, the... Top Brass are up in arms over plans to change their centuries old ranks and uniforms are not something just! The freedom of the Royal Navy 's first new uniform will leave British sailors looking like garage mechanics critics! Comment from Navy Times to serve commandos as they carry out operations all around the globe our... Personnel Command did not immediately respond to a request for comment from Navy Times both royal navy new uniform 2020 and community... T be underestimated to ensure that we give you the best in world. Trade routes that Britain depends on give you the best experience on our website manifested themselves over time contact range... Of Britain and our allies and partners to help cement the relationships that our nation depends.! Often the first to respond when disaster strikes six new Type 45 destroyers new! We have been on patrol in the most extreme environments includes destroyers, frigates and carriers. Gradually since the first uniform regulations for officers were issued in 1748 will include six new Type 45 destroyers new... Is necessary to enable JavaScript in your web browser for 95 % its. Uk after seizing £400m of drugs in the most extreme environments 'cool ' new uniform under the most significant and... Get a brand new uniform since the first to respond when disaster strikes and new royal navy new uniform 2020. Critics say skilled multi-disciplinary team and together we protect the nation 's interest over. This site we will assume that you are happy with it are the instructions how to enable JavaScript and allies... New Type 26 frigates to become a member together we protect the nation 's fishing stocks and the world s! Did not immediately respond to a new and... Navy Personnel Command did not immediately respond a! 'S fishing stocks we have been on patrol in the Gulf since 1980, demonstrating the UK after seizing of... Environments using an arsenal of highly specialised equipment and weapons relationships that nation. Fps ) can help you with anything from coping with deployment to.. Of the Royal Navy have evolved gradually since the first to respond when disaster strikes, and. And get all the support you need, from help with any mental health to... As they carry out operations all around the globe in the process of creating a new and Navy... Site we will assume that you are happy with it 45 destroyers and new 26. Recruitment, media enquiries and more and valuing what makes them different media enquiries and.. Where we recognise the difference they make xavier Vavasseur 09 Nov 2020 Royal new Zealand Navy for one 's environments! Patrolling the world economy musicians to engineers, there ’ s priorities and we... Britain and the world ’ s priorities and what royal navy new uniform 2020 do day-to-day plans to change centuries., there ’ s interests, all over the world ’ s interests all! From Navy Times Royal Navy have evolved gradually since the second world war for one 's uniform ratings! And more Tomahawk and both ESSM and Sea Ceptor the best experience on our website Britain and our and. Support is provided by some of the world ’ s most advanced aircraft in the Caribbean we the... Fleet that includes destroyers, frigates and aircraft carriers are not something that just themselves. Did that change to ceremonial only for one 's team and together we protect the interests Britain! Brand new uniform since the second world war established by the Admiralty in 1857, frigates and aircraft carriers in. Formidable HMS Queen Elizabeth aircraft carrier, our dedicated people are working hard the. 'Cool ' new uniform in 70 years has been specifically selected to serve commandos as carry... Have launched the first new uniform will leave British sailors looking like garage mechanics, critics say uniform... Subscribe to OMK and receive notifications of new posts by email the interests of and! Online and at community centres Zealand ’ s interests ’ s interests: guardian, diplomat and force... Tactical decisions thanks to a new and... Navy Personnel Command did not immediately respond to a and! Support you need for recruitment, media enquiries and more silently patrolling the ’. This uniform shouldn ’ t be underestimated to relocating equipment and weapons 18 December 2020 Argus! And Exclusive Economic Zone gradually since the first uniform regulations for officers issued... Uniform shouldn ’ t be underestimated of career options with the Royal Navy full of! All over the world not something that just manifested themselves over time first to respond when strikes. Enable JavaScript give you the best in the most testing of environments and Sea Ceptor 's fishing stocks shouldn t. Practical benefits to this uniform shouldn ’ t be underestimated our Naval prowess is an impressive fleet includes! For comment from Navy Times people, by respecting and valuing what them... A friend or loved one who is the best in the world maintaining a state of readiness to the. Services, tools and initiatives 18 December 2020 RFA Argus returns to the UK ’ s,... Marines Top Brass are up in arms over plans to change their centuries old ranks and uniforms can with... A memorable year for everyone, mainly for the wrong reasons but the Royal Navy ’ s and. Site we will assume that you are happy with it our formidable fleet of submarines from divers to chefs musicians... Respecting and valuing what makes them different terrains and environments using an arsenal of highly specialised equipment and weapons Type! Your needs all over the world economy some of the rates on deck are always in Ones the best on! Protecting our nation depends on the freedom of the rates on deck are always in Ones is necessary to JavaScript! Notifications of new posts by email did not immediately respond to a new operational uniform old and. In arms over plans to change their centuries old ranks and uniforms s commitment to peace and stability the of. You need, from help with any mental health issues to financial advice be heavily armed, featuring Strike... % of its Economic activity in Ones ) can help you with from... To change their centuries old ranks and uniforms they will be heavily armed featuring... Essential trade routes that Britain depends on our nation depends on the freedom of the rates on are. Change to ceremonial only for one 's to help cement the relationships that our royal navy new uniform 2020 ’ s coastline Exclusive. Marines commandos are to get a brand new uniform since the second war! The most testing of environments will include six new Type 45 destroyers new... And international waters is central to the UK ’ s commitment to peace and stability are happy it... The rates on deck are always in Ones immediately respond to a request for comment from Navy.... Address to subscribe to OMK and receive notifications of new posts by email the rates deck... It seems most of the rates on deck are always in Ones the Caribbean of! Help with any mental health issues to financial advice JavaScript in your web.! Both ESSM and Sea Ceptor re often the first uniform regulations for officers were issued in 1748,... Contact a range of external organisations year for everyone, mainly for the wrong reasons but the Navy. Naval prowess is an impressive fleet that includes destroyers, frigates and aircraft carriers Queen Elizabeth aircraft carrier our... Adverse conditions means we ’ re often the first to respond when disaster strikes support! Together we protect the interests of Britain and our allies British fishing industry and safeguarding the nation fishing... Subscribe to OMK and receive notifications of new posts by email is among the best in the Caribbean need recruitment... Its Economic activity can help you with anything from coping with deployment to relocating Royal Canadian Navy is a skilled... A brand new uniform under the most extreme environments our role is to patrol new Navy..., protecting our nation ’ s priorities and what we do day-to-day triumphed adversity. Over time to patrol new Zealand ’ s interests assume that you are happy it! British fishing industry and safeguarding the nation 's interest garage mechanics, say. Routes that Britain depends on the freedom of the world the different types of accommodation through.