Scientific Name Bactrocera distincta, Bactrocera kirki, Bactrocera gnetum,Bactrocera obscura,Bactrocera passiflorae,Bactroceraspecies near passiflorae, and Bactrocera xanthodes. NPO法人JASMELINDO. [9], Gnetum africanum may also be known as G. africanum or G. buchholzianum, and are the only two vine species from the gnetum family. Both Gnetum species have significant value to many forest-based communities and have a number of vernacular and trade names. Gnetum silvestris Rumph. General Information Gnetum africanum is an evergreen climbing shrub producing twining, woody stems that can be 12 metres or more long from a tuberous rootstock The leaves may further be used as a remedy for nausea, sore throats, or as a dressing for warts. 1. type genus of the Gnetaceae; small trees or shrubs usually with climbing jointed stems and terminal spikes of flowers with orange-red seeds clustered in rough cones Familiarity information: GENUS GNETUM used as a noun is very rare. • GENUS GNETUM (noun) The noun GENUS GNETUM has 1 sense:. Basis of record: Artwork: Scientific name: Gnetum latifolium Blume: Catalog number: L.2096956: Collection code: Icones: Family: Gnetaceae: Genus: Gnetum: Specific epithet [3] Specifically, near Lekie, Cameroon, CIFOR has been helping the women remove an invasive plant species (kodengui), and replacing it with Gnetum africanum, in order to discourage regrowth of the invasive species and utilize the area for a more sustainable resource. They are gymnosperms, meaning their seeds are "naked" and not covered unlike flowering plants. However, it has been noted that the vine grows best in well-shaded areas similar to that of a forest, as too much sunlight can burn the vine and produce substandard leaves for selling purposes. Aug 8, 2003 : Integrated Taxonomic Information System : ... Gnetum africanum Welw. G. gnemon 3. Fibre levels average approximately 33.4 g/100 g of dried Gnetum africanum leaves, while recommended daily intake of fibre is 30 g. Gnetum africanum has been noted as an anti-inflammatory, anticarcinogenic and antioxidant. Molecular phylogenies based on nuclear and plastid sequences from most of the species indicate hybridization among some of the Southeast A… Nutrition can be improved by using the plant for medicinal purposes as well as through edible consumption. [1][11], This vine will grow in all seasons and typically spreads along forest floors. [3][4], Their leaves are rich in bioactive compounds, like flavonoids and stilbenes, which have "remarkable medical effects". It is high in glutamic acid, leucine, and aspartic acid, with low levels of histidine, and cysteine, while there appears to be trace amounts of tryptophan in the plant. Annotations are currently disabled: Record Inserted. It has also been noted that the vine does not grow particularly well in very moist conditions such as marshes and swamps. There are about 40 species in one genus, Gnetum, which is the sole species in Gnetaceae Blume 1833, the sole family in Gnetales Blume ex von Martius 1835. 2000. Gnetum africanum (eru or African jointfir) is a vine gymnosperm species found natively throughout tropical Africa. Scientific Name and Common Name; Kingdom: Plantae – Plants Subkingdom: Tracheobionta – Vascular plants Superdivision: Spermatophyta – Seed plants Division: Gnetophyta – Mormon tea and other gnetophytes Class Linda Bonen, in Advances in Botanical Research, 2012. Melinjo (Gnetum gnemon), also known as Daeking Tree, Gnemon Tree, Joint-Fir Spinach, Paddy Oats, Melinjo Nut, Meminjau, Bago, Belinjo and Padi oats is a species of tree in the family Gnetaceae. Ren D, Labandeira CC, Santiago-Blay JA, Rasnitsyn A, Shih CK, Bashkuev A, Logan MA, Hotton CL, Dilcher D. (2009). Bowe, L. Michelle, Gwénaële Coat, and Claude W. dePamphilis. Won H, Renner SS: The internal transcribed spacer of nuclear ribosomal DNA in the gymnosperm, Won, H., and S. S. Renner. Alternate Classifications: Species2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: 2007: NCBI Taxonomy: [9] The vine is largely understudied and more research is needed to verify plant susceptibility and resilience to viruses, diseases, and fungi. Afang Leaves are leaves from a climbing vine in Africa. Gravels varieties, Sticky rice varieties and Varieties of … This small­ to medium­size tree up to 15 m (50 ft) in height is native to Indo­Malaya and perhaps Melanesia. 2006. The plant has now been domesticated and grown for subsistence and commercial use among the Annang of Nigeria. The leaves may grow approximately 8 cm long, and at maturity the vine will produce small cone-like reproductive structures. Gnetum (Gnetum gnemon) is an important agroforest spe­ cies in Southeast Asia and Melanesia, but unappreciated throughout the rest of the Pacific islands. Garden Location: Orchid Display House Gnetum gnemon [8] However, the productivity of the vine appears to be resistant to a significant proportion of diseases. Carambola, which is scientifically known as Averrhoa carambola, is a fruit bearing tree of the family Oxalidaceae and genus Averrhoa. [10] Since the leaves may be consumed as a vegetable and the root tuber as a famine food, it may also increase overall food security of rural households. In coughs, colds, and chronic airway obstructive conditions, epheda has always been the go to herb. 2000. Plants in Gnetum are evergreen. The Plant List includes 119 scientific plant names of species rank for the family Gnetaceae. To harvest the leaves, the vine is often just yanked down off the tree, lea Scientific Name: Dendrobium spectabile Family: Orchidaceae Information: The grotesquely twisted and undulating flowers of Dendrobium spectabile never fail to provoke comments from visitors. Many of the species from the genus Ephedra are shrubs that can be found in desert regions of the Americas or in the high, cool regions of the Himalayan mountains in India. 3.3.2 Plant-to-plant horizontal transfer of introns. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. Gnetum urens. [5], Many Gnetum species are edible, with the seeds being roasted, and the foliage used as a leaf vegetable. [10], Gnetum africanum is found mainly in the humid tropical forest regions of Central African Republic, Cameroon, Gabon, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Angola. There are 65 species in the genus Ephedra, 30 or more in Gnetum, but only one in Welwitschia. ex Blume Gnetum silvestris Brongn. and Siong, K.H., "The Nutritional Value of Indigenous Fruits and Vegetables in Sarawak,"Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Vol. Healthy leaves with a thick wax-like texture are preferred in markets and will receive the highest value; Gnetum africanum remains untaxed in local markets.