SS John W. Brown (Project Liberty Ship), Baltimore, Maryland. Her keel was laid on Way Number 12 on July 28, 1942; and she was launched barely 41 days later, on Labor Day, September 7, 1942. [8] She was laid down at the Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyard in Baltimore, Maryland, on 28 July 1942 and – sponsored by Annie Green, the wife of the president of the Industrial Union of Marine and Shipbuilding Workers – was launched on 7 September 1942, the third of three Liberty ships launched at the yard that day. Project Liberty Ship, P.O. Today, the 440-foot-long, 59 … One of only two surviving fully operational Liberty ships preserved in the U.S., SS John W. Brown is a product of the Emergency Shipbuilding Program that built more than 2,700 liberty ships during World War II. The ship was named after labor union leader John W. Brown. [23], On 23 April 1945, John W. Brown left in convoy with a load of U.S. Army general cargo below and trucks lashed to her decks to begin her seventh voyage. SS JOHN W. BROWN Photo by Joan Burke, Project Liberty Ship, 2002. On 7 January she got underway for New York, arriving there on 26 January 1946 to discharge the troops. After passing through the Strait of Gibraltar into the Mediterranean Sea, she left the convoy on 7 February to steam independently to Naples; her engineers shut down her port boiler when it began to malfunction on 9 February, forcing her to continue at reduced speed, but she arrived safely at Naples on 11 February 1945. In 1994, John W. Brown received U.S. Coast Guard certification for coastwise ocean voyages. Despite the damage, she continued her voyage, unloading her cargo at Naples and departing empty on 4 January 1944, joining a convoy to Oran which arrived on 10 January. Andrea horrocks started this petition to Maryland State House and 3 others. She embarked 500 German prisoners-of-war and 33 U.S. Army personnel to guard them on 3 September 1944, departed Naples in convoy the next day, stopped at Augusta, and then left in convoy for the United States. It took another month and a half until she could enter port at Khorramshahr, Iran, and unload the rest of her cargo in March 1943. Merchant Marine to transport troops and cargo during World War II. Now preserved, she is a museum ship and cruise ship berthed at Clinton Street Pier 1 in Baltimore Harbor in Maryland. Thank you to the organizations and individuals who have sponsored us over the year, and if interested, read more here. Departing Hampton Roads in convoy on 15 September 1943, she arrived at Oran in French Algeria on 4 October 1943 after an uneventful trip. As a Liberty ship, she operated as a merchant ship of the United States Merchant Marine during World War II and later was a vocational high school training ship in New York City for many years. In August 1988, Project Liberty Ship found John W. Brown a berth in Baltimore, Maryland, near where she was built and had her towed there. John W. Brown proceeded up the Hudson River to Albany, New York, where she loaded a cargo of wheat before returning to New York City. The convoy transited the Strait of Gibraltar and entered the Mediterranean Sea on 18 July 1943, and John W. Brown arrived at Algiers in French Algeria on 20 July 1943. [19], John W. Brown spent the next five weeks at anchor at Naples during preparations for Operation Dragoon, the Allied invasion of southern France. She then left Naples on 24 June and proceeded in convoy to the Anzio beachhead and discharged her passengers and cargo. [10][11][14], John W. Brown's maiden voyage was her only one as a standard cargo ship. The Brown arrived on May 27 and had about 14,000 rivets replaced by the skilled crews at the ship yard. Zusammen mit seinem Navigator Arthur Whitten Brown gelang Alcock am 14./15. It is run by a volunteer crew and is an important memorial to … Braving high winds and enormous waves but encountering no enemy forces, her convoy arrived safely at New York on 29 December 1944. Her namesake was a well-known East Coast labor leader who had died the year before. Through the efforts of talented and dedicated volunteers, coupled with the generous financial support of members and friends, S.S. JOHN W. BROWN continues to educate by operating as a historic museum ship, furnishing visitors with a unique opportunity to experience "living history" of the World War II merchant marine. Named for a union leader, the John W. Brown was built in less than two months and launched on Sept. 7, 1942. She then proceeded to Antwerp, Belgium, where she discharged her cargo. [22], On 9 January 1945, John W. Brown, steaming independently, departed New York on her sixth voyage, carrying U.S. Army general cargo and, after a brief stop at Hampton Roads, arrived at Charleston, South Carolina, on 12 January. She disembarked her passengers and repaired her boiler, then left for Leghorn, where she arrived on 19 February. There she dropped off her passengers and loaded a cargo of scrap metal and the personal effects of deceased soldiers. After a stop at Augusta, Sicily, her convoy arrived safely at Naples, Italy, on 7 November. She soon had radar installed at the Bethlehem Brooklyn 56th Street shipyard in Brooklyn. She departed New York on 10 April to begin her fourth voyage in a convoy to Hampton Roads, where additional ships joined her convoy for a transatlantic passage. You are free: to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work; to remix – to adapt the work; Under the following conditions: attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. After more than a dozen wartime voyages, the ship served as … [2][3][14][15], After completion of her conversion at Hoboken, John W. Brown returned to New York to load for her second voyage, her first as a troopship. DONATE to our GoFundMe! She then proceeded in convoy to Pozzuoli Bay, Italy, arriving there on 26 December 1943. [22] After unloading her cargo, she departed on 27 February, stopped at Piambino, and arrived at Naples on 1 March 1945. Carrying a general cargo, she steamed to Hamburg, Germany, where she arrived on 4 or 5 July. Her 5,023 long tons (5,626 short tons; 5,103 metric tons) of cargo consisted mostly of food, and her passenger list included 306 men – seven United States Army officers, 145 U.S. Army military policemen, three enlisted medical assistants, three Royal Navy officers, and 148 Royal Navy sailors; the Royal Navy personnel were all survivors of a torpedoed ship. (Type your email here to stay informed about the ship), *******************************************************************************************************************. [24], John W. Brown began her ninth voyage on 15 September 1945, departing New York. It was her last voyage as a troopship. As a Liberty ship, she operated as a merchant ship of the United States Merchant Marine during World War II and later was a vocational high school training ship in New York City for many years. November 20, 2018 at 6:12 p.m. EST. Mr Graeme Brown graduated from the University of Melbourne and completed his orthopaedic training in 1994. She continued on to Naples in convoy on 16 November, arriving the following day. The John W. Brown Visits the Great Lakes. Back to Top. Box 25846 Highlandtown Station, Baltimore, MD 21224-0546, USA. She completed fitting out on 19 September 1942, making her total construction time only 54 days. While in New York, she also had the Oerlikon 20 mm cannon mounted on her bow replaced by a 3-inch (76.2-mm) 50-caliber gun, and she interrupted her loading of cargo on 9 October 1942 for work on the degaussing and compass adjusting ranges. Share Shares Copy Link. She arrived at New York to discharge her passengers on 11 August 1945.[23]. On 26 June, she embarked about 1,000 French colonial troops and transported them to Naples, arriving there on 27 June. The following day, the German submarine U-969 attacked the convoy, and the Liberty ships SS Peter Skene Ogden, only 500 yards (457 m) ahead of her, and SS George Cleeve, only 850 yards (777 m) off her starboard bow, suffered torpedo hits causing such severe damage that both ships had to beach themselves and became total losses, but John W. Brown was left unharmed. Libertyship SS John W. Brown von Jan Thurau (1:700 Trumpeter) Nachdem mir der Bau des kleinen U Bootes so viel Spaß gemacht hatte, wollte ich mich mal an ein etwas größeres Schiffchen wagen… Und warum nicht gleich mal ein ganzes Projekt mit Wasserdarstellung und so weiter. [21], John W. Brown got underway from Baltimore on 19 October 1944 for her fifth voyage and proceeded to Hampton Roads, where she joined a convoy for a transatlantic passage. Read More → May 29, 2019. Arriving at Oran on 11 December, she unloaded her cargo, and then departed in convoy on 13 December 1944 bound for the United States. Her convoy faced several more submarine alerts, but no further enemy attacks occurred, and enemy contacts ceased entirely after the convoy passed through the Strait of Gibraltar into the Atlantic on 25 February 1944. The Brown arrived on May 27 and had about 14,000 rivets replaced by the skilled crews at the ship yard. [30] As of the end of the 2013 cruising season, she had completed her 97th Living History Cruise and had visited 29 ports along the United States East Coast and the Atlantic coast of Canada and in the Great Lakes. The SS John W. Brown also transported Italian and German prisoners of war (POWs). Now its home here is in jeopardy," Nov 12) is a welcome follow-up to his article about the S.S. John W. Brown last year, and especially so with the future of the vessel being more stark than ever. 2017 is our 75th Anniversary; pretty amazing for a ship that was built quickly and was considered 'paid for' if it made one voyage (across the ocean and back). Die S.S. John W. Brown gehörte zur Klasse der Liberty-Schiffe, geboren aus der Not, den von deutschen U-Booten versenkten Frachtraum möglichst schnell und kostengünstig zu ersetzen. Read More → Nov 12, 2019. It did not succeed in finding her a berth in New York, and instead she was towed to the James River Reserve Fleet near Norfolk, Virginia,[2] in July 1983 with her future in doubt. [2], John W. Brown got underway from New York to begin her eleventh voyage on 16 February 1946. The SS John W. Brown also transported Italian and German prisoners of war (POWs). She departed on 29 June in a convoy to Cagliari, Sardinia, where she embarked 1,017 Italian Co-Belligerent Army troops fighting on the Allied side; she then joined a convoy to Naples, arriving there on 3 July 1944 and disembarking the Italians on 4 July. She left Naples on 18 April, arriving off the Anzio beachhead the following day, and was present there when the Allies finally broke out of the beachhead on 23 April after a lengthy campaign. Today, the … The ship was decommissioned in 1947 and used for educational purposes to train merchant sailors. The convoy encountered bad weather but no enemy forces while crossing the North Atlantic and arrived off The Downs on the southeast coast of England on V-E Day, 8 May 1945. The John W. Brown is an OPERATIONAL WWII cargo ship. Getting back underway, she steamed alone north through the western Indian Ocean off the east coast of Africa, and anchored in the Persian Gulf on 25 December 1942, two and a half months after leaving New York. After unloading her cargo there, she proceeded to London, where she arrived on 29 October and took a small cargo aboard. John W. Brown arrived off the beachhead at Bougnon Bay at 18:00 on 15 August 1944, ten hours after the initial landings, and began unloading her troops and their equipment on 16 August, completing the process on 21 August. There she joined a convoy to steam north to Paramaribo in Surinam, proceeded upriver to Paranam to load bauxite, then steamed to Port of Spain, Trinidad, to load more bauxite. On 15 August 1945 (14 August in the United States), V-J Day brought World War II to an end. She loaded mail, steamed to Naples in convoy from 4 to 6 December, loaded cargo, and then departed for Oran, for the first time in her career steaming alone in Mediterranean waters – even burning her running lights at night – thanks to the control the Allies had achieved there by December 1944. 8.7K likes. [24] During her career, John W. Brown had carried nearly 10,000 troops, including the two shiploads of German prisoners-of-war that she transported from North Africa to the United States. 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