Like other hypostyle mosques, such as the Prophet’s Mosque in Medina, the mosque of Kairouan is roughly rectangular. Kairouan is about 160 kilometres south of Tunis and was founded by the Arabs in around 670 AD. The dome emphasizes the placement of the mihrab, or prayer niche (below), which is on the same central axis and also under a cupola to signify its importance. Kairouan Great Mosque. PLAY. The mosque continued to be modified after the Aghlabids, showing that it remained religiously and socially significant even as Kairouan fell into decline. It was a political capital, a pilgrimage city, and intellectual center, particularly for the Maliki school of Sunni Islam and the sciences. The Mosque has Aghlabid architecture and appears as a fortress on a hill. were the semi-independent rulers of much of North Africa. The Great Mosque was literally and figuratively at the center of Kairouan activity, growth, and prestige. Click here to start a new topic. It is said to be the oldest surviving wooden minbar. Date of Monument: Hegira 221 / AD 836. The mosque, as it stands today, was builtby Ziyadat … Kairouan - Discover Great Mosque of Kairouan and live the real experience with the Green Michelin Guide - find useful information and opening times - Great Mosque of Kairouan Huge ochre-coloured walls surround the Great Mosque, which was built in the 7C and is considered to be one of the oldest in the Maghreb. Enter your email address to receive notifications of new posts by email. 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Individual pages signify the copyright for the content on that page. https://www.britannica.com/place/Great-Mosque-of-Kairouan. Its most striking feature is the formal emphasis on the building’s T-like axis punctuated by two domes, one of which hovers over the earliest preserved ensemble of mihrab, minbar, and maqṣūrah. It was built by the Arab general Uqba ibn Nafi in 670 AD and it is one of the oldest places of worship in the Islamic world, as well as a model for all later mosques in the Maghreb. The Great Mosque was literally and figuratively at the center of Kairouan activity, growth, and prestige. The minaret dates from the early ninth century, or at least its lower portion does. This is the talk page for discussing improvements to the Great Mosque of Kairouan article. Great Mosque of Kairouan. Great Mosque of Kairouan or the Mosque of Uqba is a mosque loacted in the historic town of Kairouan, Tunisia. The mosque was a critical addition, communicating that Kairouan would become a cosmopolitan metropolis under strong Muslim control, an important distinction at this time and place. Originally built by Sīdī ʿUqbah in the 7th century, the present mosque is the fifth mosque built on the site and dates from Aghlabid times. Other architectural elements link the Great Mosque of Kairouan with earlier and contemporary Islamic religious structures and pre-Islamic buildings. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. If there is any building that is venerated and treated with so much reverence in Islam, it is the mosque. In 1294, Caliph al-Mustansir restored the courtyard and added monumental portals, such as Bab al-Ma on the east and the domed Bab Lalla Rejana on the west. Outside the town is the zāwiyah (seat of a religious fraternity) of…. Around the mihrab are lustre tiles from Iraq. Founder:-Kairouan flourished under the Aghlabid dynasty in the9th century. In the thirteenth century, the Hafsids gave the mosque a more fortified look when they added buttresses to support falling exterior walls, a practice continued in later centuries. The Great Mosque of Kairouan was a public structure, set along roads that served a city with a vibrant commercial, educational, and religious life. The Great Mosque isn't close to anything in particular, but it's rich history and unique architecture are worth the long drive. In Kairouan the Great Mosque was built in stages between 836 and 866. This was the same time as the reign of Charlemagne. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Additional gates were constructed in later centuries. The Great Mosque was literally and figuratively at the center of Kairouan activity, growth, and prestige. Though the excessively decorated mihrab is unique, the panels are from the Syrian area. This is the least expensive place to buy them. …acres [30 hectares]) contains the Great Mosque, with a 115-foot- (35-metre-) high minaret. The Great Mosque of Kairouan was a public structure, set along roads that served a city with a vibrant commercial, educational, and religious life. Seventh-century North Africa was not the easiest place to establish a new city. Restored starting in 1962, the mosque is considered one of the most prestigious religious monuments in the country. So in addition to functioning as a place to call for prayer, the minaret identifies the mosque’s presence and location in the city while helping to define the city’s religious identity. …in North Africa is at Kairouan, Tunisia. The side of the minbar closest to the mihrab is composed of elaborately carved latticework with vegetal, floral, and geometric designs evocative of those used in Byzantine and Umayyad architecture. Known as the Great Mosque of Kairouan, it is an early example of a hypostyle mosque that also reflects how pre-Islamic and eastern Islamic art and motifs were incorporated into the religious architecture of Islamic North Africa. Kairouan: Mosque, University, Libraries. The aesthetics signified the Great Mosque and Kairouan, and, thus, its patrons, were just as important as the religious structures, cities, and rulers of other empires in this region, and that Kairouan was part of the burgeoning Islamic empire. The stone dome is constructed of twenty four ribs that each have a small corbel at their base, so the dome looks like a cut cantaloupe, according to the architectural historian K. A. C. Creswell. When the Great Mosque of Uqba came into view, it was immediately obvious why the structure—built by the Arab general Uqba ibn Nafi in 670 AD—is considered one of the most … In 863 by the Emir Abou Ibrahim Ahmad was built the current mosque. The lower portion of the mihrab is decorated with openwork marble panels in floral and geometric vine designs. By the mid-tenth century, Kairouan became a thriving settlement with marketplaces, agriculture imported from … But the mosque at Kairouan was much grander than anything being built in Northern Europe at this time Shortly thereafter, Kairouan became the religious center and capital of Tunisia. Great Mosque of Kairouan built in 670 AD is one of the most important mosques in Tunisia, 開羅安回教第四個聖城 In the late ninth century, another Aghlabid ruler embellished the courtyard entrance to the prayer space and added a dome over the central arches and portal. HISTORY The great mosque of Kairouan was built under the provinces of Ifriqiya, which the Arab annexed in AD 670, at which time they founded the city of Kairouan. The sanctuary roof and courtyard porticos are supported by repurposed Roman and Byzantine columns and capitals. The mihrab wall of Kairouan’s Great Mosque, for example, was covered with ceramics, whereas fragments of decorative woodwork have been preserved in Jerusalem and Egypt. So, the enclosure, along with its inscription, protected the lives and affirmed the status of persons allowed inside. The mosque was the first building to be erected in the town (2), a … In Kairouan the Great Mosque was built in stages between 836 and 866. As a Friday Mosque, it was one of if not the largest buildings in town. The prayer hall or sanctuary is supported by rows of columns and there is an open courtyard, that are characteristic of a hypostyle plan. Because a ruler’s legitimacy could rest upon the mention of his name during the sermon, the minbar served both religious and secular purposes. They also feature stylized floral patterns like Byzantine and eastern Islamic examples. The history of the Great Mosque of Kairouan: In 670 in Kairouan was built the first mosque, to North Africa of Muslim Arabs shortly after the arrival. By the mid-tenth century, Kairouan became a thriving settlement with marketplaces, agriculture imported from surrounding towns, cisterns supplying water, and textile and ceramic manufacturing areas. It can also be referred to as Mosque of Uqba Ibn Nafi, in honor of its original founder. Every city in Tunisia has a Great Mosque, but the Great Mosque in Kairouan is the most important of all. Perhaps inspired by Roman lighthouses, the massive square Kairouan minaret is about thirty two meters tall, over one hundred feet, making it one of the highest structures around. Introduction:-The Mosque of Uqba also known as the Great Mosque ofKairouan, is an early example of a hypostyle mosquethat also reflects how pre-Islamic and eastern Islamicart and motifs were incorporated into the religiousarchitecture of Islamic North Africa. Rays fall around the most significant area of the mosque, the mihrab. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Great Mosque of Kairouan, also known as the Mosque of Uqba, is one of the most important mosques in Tunisia, situated in the UNESCO World Heritage town of Kairouan. See the bottom of each page for copyright information. See "Terms of Service" link for more information. The mosque was originally a hypostyle mosque, however it was mostly torn down and rebuilt in 863 AD by Prince Ziyadat Allah I. Kairouan is regarded as a very holy city by Muslims and the Sidi Oqba Mosque is the first mosque built in Africa and is regarded as being the fourth most important mosque in Islam after the great mosques in Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem. They remove a ruler from the rest of the worshippers. Built by Uqba ibn Nafi, an Arab general, around 680 AD (it is also called the Mosque of Uqba), this is the first mosque in the Islamic West. History: The Great Mosque at Kairouan inherited the site of the first Muslim oratory in the Maghreb, which was built by … Wider aisles leading to the mihrab and along the qibla wall give it a T-plan. What kind of mosque is it? Even today, the Great Mosque of Kairouan reflects the time and place in which it was built. Okba Ben Nafi is credited with converting Kairouan to Islam and founding its Great Mosque in 670. This is the least expensive place to buy them. Kairouan: The Sidi Amor Abada Museum The Raqqada National Museum of Islamic art The Great Mosque of Kairouan The Sidi Abid al-Ghariani Mausoleum The Aghlabid basins: From 16/09 to 31/05 : 08.00 - 14.00 From 01/06 to 15/09 : 07.30 - 14.00 From 17/06 to 17/07 : Horaire Ramadan 8:00-14:00: 12 Dt : Grouped ticket. 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